Great games and celebrations were held in April to honour Caesar's victory at Munda. The election was sordid — even Catowith his reputation for incorruptibility, is said to have resorted to bribery in favour of one of Caesar's opponents.
He also set the precedent, which his imperial successors followed, of requiring the Senate to bestow various titles and honours upon him. The pirates demanded a ransom of 20 talents of silver, but he insisted that they ask for Since his absence from Rome might limit his ability to install his own consuls, he passed a law which allowed him to appoint all magistrates in 43 BC, and all consuls and tribunes in 42 BC.
He had them crucified on his own authority, as he had promised while in captivity  —a promise that the pirates had taken as a joke. In Spain, he conquered two local tribes and was hailed as imperator by his troops; he reformed the law regarding debts, and completed his governorship in high esteem.
A naval battle was held on a flooded basin at the Field of Mars.
When he heard the commotion from the Senate chamber, Antony fled. In the Roman Republic, this was an honorary title assumed by certain military commanders. On his return in 67 BC,  he married Pompeiaa granddaughter of Sulla, whom he later divorced in 61 BC after her embroilment in the Bona Dea scandal.
Caesar's body was cremated, and on the site of his cremation, the Temple of Caesar was erected a few years later at the east side of the main square of the Roman Forum.
Both Plutarch and Suetonius say that Caesar waved him away, but Cimber grabbed his shoulders and pulled down Caesar's tunic.
Only its altar now remains. Not everything went Caesar's way. He could not do both in the time available. Pompey and Crassus had been at odds for a decade, so Caesar tried to reconcile them. He also extended Latin rights throughout the Roman world, and then abolished the tax system and reverted to the earlier version that allowed cities to collect tribute however they wanted, rather than needing Roman intermediaries.
Bibulus attempted to declare the omens unfavourable and thus void the new law, but he was driven from the forum by Caesar's armed supporters. He passed a sumptuary law that restricted the purchase of certain luxuries.
On the brighter side, Roman women had much greater liberty than their Greek counterparts; although there were repressive laws, they were seldom applied. The Lucca Conference renewed the First Triumvirate and extended Caesar's governorship for another five years.
In fear of his life, he retired to his house for the rest of the year, issuing occasional proclamations of bad omens.The Life and Times of Julius Caesar Early Life ~Gaius Julius Caesar was born in Subura, Rome on 12 or 13 July BC into the prestigious Julian clan.
His family were closely connected with the Marian faction* in Roman politics. The statesman and general Julius Caesar ( B.C.) expanded the Roman Republic through a series of battles across Europe before declaring himself dictator for life.
He died famously on the. The result of a comprehensive study of the ancient sources, Julius Caesar: The Life and Times of the People's Dictator paints an astonishingly detailed portrait of this complex man and the times in which he lived. Based on his many years of research, Canfora focuses on what we actually know about Caesar, the man of politics and war, in a Reviews: 5.
"In this profile, Luciano Canfora offers a radically new interpretation of one of the most controversial figures in history. The result of a comprehensive study of the ancient sources, Julius Caesar: The Life and Times of the People's Dictator paints a detailed portrait of this complex man and the times in which he lived.
Basing his argument on many years of research, Canfora focuses on what. Though his name has come to mean monarch or ruler, Julius Caesar was never an Emperor of lietuvosstumbrai.comr, first as Consul then as Dictator for life, he paved the way for the end of the Republic and the dawn of the Empire.
Gaius Julius Caesar (/ He was stabbed 23 times. According to Suetonius, a physician later established that only one wound, the second one to his chest, had been lethal. The Life of Julius Caesar (English translation) Plutarch: The Life of Mark Antony.Download